Spain’s Prime Minister, Pedro Sanchez, recently unveiled a comprehensive strategy to combat the spread of COVID-19, featuring a unique approach: the mobilization of the country’s army to assist in contact tracing efforts. In a press conference, Sanchez outlined the government’s plans to utilize 2,000 trained soldiers to track the virus’s movements and enhance contact tracing. The soldiers will be deployed across various regions to identify individuals exposed to infected persons, a crucial step in controlling the disease’s transmission.

This innovative strategy comes in response to mounting concerns from experts, attributing the recent surge in COVID-19 cases in regions like Madrid and Catalonia to ineffective contact tracing. To address this gap, Spain is harnessing the military’s expertise to strengthen its public health efforts.

The utilization of the military for contact tracing represents a unique approach to managing the pandemic. This article delves into Spain’s initiative, explores the details of the program, and discusses its potential implications for both the country and the global fight against COVID-19.

Spain’s Comprehensive Approach to Combat COVID-19

Spain’s efforts to combat COVID-19 are multi-pronged, aiming to mitigate the virus’s spread, protect the public, and maintain control over the situation. Prime Minister Sanchez’s recent announcement highlights the following key elements of the country’s strategy:

1. Mobilizing the Military for Contact Tracing

The most notable aspect of Spain’s strategy is the involvement of its army in contact tracing efforts. The government will deploy 2,000 trained soldiers to assist regional authorities in tracking the virus’s movements, identifying potential cases, and conducting contact tracing.

The soldiers will be strategically placed to support regions where the recent surge in cases has strained existing contact tracing resources. This includes regions like Madrid and Catalonia, where the number of infections has risen significantly.

Sanchez emphasized the flexibility of this program, noting that the number of soldiers involved can be expanded as required through a comprehensive training program. The goal is to make contact tracing more efficient and to ensure that no potential cases fall through the cracks, contributing to the overall containment of the virus.

2. RadarCovid Smartphone Application

In addition to military assistance, Spain has developed a dedicated smartphone application called RadarCovid. This application plays a crucial role in identifying individuals who have come into contact with COVID-19 patients and promptly alerting them. These alerts serve as a call to action, advising recipients to get tested or to self-quarantine, contributing to swift containment efforts.

RadarCovid is a significant addition to Spain’s contact tracing efforts, helping the government and public health authorities quickly identify potential cases. It not only complements the soldiers’ efforts but also adds a layer of technological support to track the virus’s spread.

3. Empowering Regional Authorities

Sanchez’s strategy also empowers regional authorities by allowing them to request the central government to declare a state of emergency in specific parts or the entirety of their territories. A state of emergency declaration grants these regions the authority to impose restrictions on people’s movements if deemed necessary. This approach recognizes the diversity of circumstances across Spain and allows for localized responses to outbreaks.

Contextualizing Spain’s Battle Against COVID-19

To understand the significance of Spain’s strategy, it is essential to consider the broader context of the country’s COVID-19 experience.

1. Past Measures: From Lockdown to Easing Restrictions

Spain previously declared a nationwide state of emergency in mid-March, leading to one of the world’s strictest lockdowns. During this period, individuals were only allowed to leave their homes for essential activities, including grocery shopping, seeking medical care, brief walks with their pets, or commuting to work if remote work was not feasible. This nationwide state of emergency remained in effect until June 21, effectively curbing the spread of the virus.

As Spain began to ease lockdown restrictions, the number of infections increased. However, the number of deaths remained relatively low compared to the peak of the pandemic. Despite these relative successes, Spain faces ongoing challenges due to a significant number of confirmed COVID-19 cases, with over 400,000 reported cases. It maintains the highest number of cases in Western Europe, alongside one of the continent’s fastest growth rates. The nation has also endured substantial losses, with nearly 29,000 lives lost, placing it among countries with the highest COVID-19 death tolls worldwide.

2. Challenges and Priorities

Spain’s battle against COVID-19 is far from over. The recent surge in cases, particularly in regions like Madrid and Catalonia, raises concerns about the effectiveness of contact tracing efforts. This, in part, prompted the innovative approach to engage the military for this crucial task.

While infection rates have increased since lockdown restrictions were eased, it is important to note that Spain is not experiencing the same level of severity as it did in mid-March. Prime Minister Sanchez emphasizes the importance of regaining control over the pandemic and preventing a second wave.

Spain’s experiences reflect the complexity of managing COVID-19. The need for effective contact tracing has become paramount to swiftly identify potential cases, contain the virus, and prevent large-scale outbreaks. The involvement of the military and the development of the RadarCovid app represent proactive steps to address this critical need.

Implications of Spain’s Innovative Approach

Spain’s unique strategy carries several potential implications, both for the country itself and for the global response to COVID-19:

1. Enhanced Contact Tracing: The involvement of the military and the deployment of the RadarCovid app can significantly enhance contact tracing efforts. These initiatives aim to identify potential cases more efficiently and ensure that infected individuals are promptly isolated and tested.

2. Localized Responses: Empowering regional authorities to declare a state of emergency allows for localized responses to outbreaks. This approach recognizes that different regions may face varying levels of risk and can implement measures accordingly.

3. A Model for Others: Spain’s approach could serve as a model for other countries facing similar challenges in contact tracing. The involvement of the military, combined with technological solutions like the RadarCovid app, may offer a blueprint for bolstering tracing efforts.

4. Ongoing Global Cooperation: Spain’s efforts are a reminder of the ongoing global cooperation required to combat the pandemic effectively. COVID-19 knows no borders, and innovative strategies are needed to control its spread worldwide.


Spain’s decision to mobilize its military for contact tracing is a remarkable step in the country’s battle against COVID-19. It demonstrates the nation’s commitment to proactively address the virus’s resurgence, ensuring that potential cases are quickly identified and isolated.

The success of Spain’s approach remains to be seen, but its innovative strategy, along with the RadarCovid app, has the potential to enhance contact tracing efforts and prevent further outbreaks. This approach reflects the ever-evolving nature of the fight against COVID-19 and underscores the importance of adaptability and cooperation in addressing this global crisis.